Trends and Usage of Employment Insurance (EI) in Newfoundland and Labrador gives
a statistical overview of past and current trends in program usage in the
province. Since Confederation, when the Unemployment Insurance (UI) Program was
introduced, UI/EI programs have played a role in the Province’s labour markets.
Historically, many workers enter and exit the program as seasonal work begins and
ends each year. As a result, UI/EI data provide useful information regarding the
situation and events in the labour market and economy.
Since 1990, the Province’s economy has experienced a recession, a collapse of
the ground fishery, high levels of, as well as declining, out-migration and an
economic recovery with some of the highest levels of performance recorded in
Canada. All of these events have impacted UI/EI usage and are reflected in the
statistical trends found in the data. The purpose of this brief document is to
provide statistics on major trends since the early 1990s to 2005 (most recent
reliable data). While the report is not an “analytical” document, it does
provide information regarding labour market and economic performance and aspects
of the dynamics of our economy that relate to E.I. usage in the province. It is
intended to provide data for input to analysis that might be carried out to
explore issues reflected by the data.